Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Piano Sonata No. 16 in C major ("Sonata semplice") K. 545

    Description by Brian Robins

    Universally known as the "Sonata facile (or semplice)," the relative ease of K. 545 has ensured that it has become the most of famous of all Mozart's piano sonatas, a work that scarcely a student of the instrument fails to learn at some point in his or her career. The entry in Mozart's own thematic catalog, dated June 26, 1788, adds that the sonata was intended "for beginners." Yet despite its fame today, the circumstances of its composition are not known, the original manuscript is lost, and the sonata was not published in Mozart's lifetime, the first edition appearing in 1805 from the press of the composer and publisher Johann André of Offenbach.

    There are three short movements: an Allegro, often quoted as a paradigm of the ambiguity of Classical "simplicity," a charming central Andante, and a tiny finale in Rondo form. It is remarkable to note that this unpretentious little work must have been composed at the same time as the great last trilogy of symphonies; indeed it was added by Mozart to his catalog of works on the same day as the first of those magnificent works, the great Symphony No. 39 in E flat, K. 543, one of his grandest conceptions.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Andante
    3. Rondo. Allegretto

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 18026
    2018 Oehms Classics OC 017
    2017 Decca / Eloquence ELQ 4826291
    2017 Tudor Records TUD 7205
    2017 ABC Classics
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 002894795516
    2016 Warner Classics 557399
    2016 Warner Classics 0825646942060
    2016 Harmonia Mundi HMU 90753233
    2016 Naxos 8578322-23
    2016 Warner Classics 557828
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon
    2015 Sony Classical 88875032222
    2015 Sony Classical 88875051802
    2015 Hyperion CDA 68029
    2015 Genuin GEN 15371
    2015 Wigmore Hall Live WHLCD 0076
    2015 eOne EOMCD 7758
    2015 Brilliant Classics 95101BR
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4822418
    2015 Oehms Classics OC 1824
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 ABC Classics ABC 4810853
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon 4793622
    2014 Erato 2564624223
    2013 Sony Classical 88765439922
    2013 Accent ACC 24254
    2013 Gramola 98989
    2012 Sony Classical 88725413592
    2012 MDG / Zebralution
    2012 EMI Classics
    2012 Regis / Regis Records 1382
    2012 Anima Records 9040001
    2012 Teldec 2564662270
    2012 Warner Classics 662255
    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2011 Fazer / Finlandia
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94198
    2011 Transart Live TR124
    2011 Avie 2209
    2011 Sony Classical 88697939812
    2011 Opening Day Recordings ODR 7411
    2011 Nimbus / Nimbus Records 5867
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099945752
    2010 Naxos 857809698
    2010 MDG 3411311
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Brilliant Classics 94034
    2010 Decca
    2010 Decca
    2010 Royal Philharmonic Masterworks / RPO 29000
    2009 Sony Classical Essential Classics 7572992
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Ambitus 97827
    2009 Nimbus 2537/9
    2009 Sony Classical Essential Classics 741729
    2008 Music & Arts 1008
    2008 EMI Classics 229232
    2008 Erato 4696943
    2008 Eroica Classical Recordings 3404
    2008 EMI Classics 367524
    2008 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2008 Brilliant Classics 92733
    2008 Altara Music 1026
    2008 Classic Archive 3085208
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2008 Sony Music Distribution 714824
    2007 Music for Developing Mind / St. Clair 44462
    2007 Classic Mania 93320
    2007 Doremi Records 71149
    2007 Musical Concepts 141
    2007 Doremi Records 7901
    2007 Regis Records 1254
    2007 Decca 433328
    2007 Avie 2138
    2007 EMI Classics 87894
    2007 Doremi Records 7909
    2007 Querstand 602
    2006 EMI Music Distribution 70893
    2006 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 0946358472
    2006 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon / Philips / Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 Warner Classics
    2006 Fazer / Finlandia
    2006 Brilliant 93025
    2006 BIS 1633
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 002894775200
    2006 Berlin Classics 0013682
    2006 Philips
    2006 Music & Arts CD-1001
    2006 Globe Records 5019
    2006 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 88808
    2006 Avie 2105
    2006 Philips
    2006 Oehms 563
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 4776130
    2005 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 0946330381
    2005 Warner Classics 4623362
    2005 Antes / Antes Edition 319217
    2005 Classic Art 101
    2005 Brilliant 92268
    2005 EMI Classics 094634678926
    2005 Naïve 8905
    2005 ATMA Classique 22243
    2005 St. Clair 94342
    2005 Andante AN 2090
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Shamrock-n-Roll 71300
    2004 Brilliant 92304
    2004 St. Clair 93862
    2004 Connoisseur Society 4250
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2003 Avie 0025
    2003 Delta Distribution 40024
    2003 Gramola GRAM 98701/5
    2003 Eroica Distribution 3180
    2003 Hungaroton 11835
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 8799
    2003 RCA 55705
    2003 dB Productions 77
    2002 Astromusic / Astro 42
    2002 Ivory Records IVCD72010
    2002 Creative Kids Product / Creative Kids Productions 35
    2002 Sony International / Sony Music Entertainment 87860
    2002 Astree 8869
    2002 Praga 356020-34
    2002 Music & Arts CD1098
    2001 Philips / Philips 586154
    2001 Haenssler 98410
    2001 Platinum Entertainment 14612
    2001 Musicians Showcase 1044
    2001 Calliope 9270
    2001 Deutsche Grammophon 469286
    2001 Nimbus 1739
    2000 Stradivarius 33410
    2000 Simax 1149
    2000 Intersound 1771
    2000 Philips 000575602
    2000 Intersound 2900
    2000 BIS 835/37
    2000 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243573915
    2000 Tring 072
    2000 Multisonic 310336
    1999 Philips 456925
    1999 Platinum Entertainment 6502
    1999 Philips 454987
    1999 Pearl 9138
    1999 Philips 456928
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 463137
    1999 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    1999 Hungaroton 31802/3
    1998 Intersound 1737
    1998 Deutsche Grammophon 459071
    1998 Sony Music Distribution 62879
    1998 Deutsche Grammophon 459055
    1998 Avalon Records 64
    1997 Madacy 8803
    1997 Nimbus 1775
    1997 Philips 456132
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 63290
    1996 Arbiter ARBITER104
    1996 Praga 354001.15
    1995 Vox 5512
    1995 Gallo 679
    1995 Teldec 4509-90825-2
    1995 Philips 446238
    1995 Sony Classical 52627
    1995 London 443717
    1995 Hungaroton 31458
    1995 Capriccio Records 10415
    1995 Philips 446 222-2PB25
    1994 Harmonia Mundi 1903006
    1994 Denon Records 8007
    1994 Naxos 505012
    1994 Naxos 550446
    1993 Denon Records 8075
    1993 Olympia (Classical/Jazz) 231
    1993 ESS.A.Y. 1006
    1993 Centaur Records 2159
    1992 Vox 5046
    1992 Erato 45510
    1991 EMI Music Distribution 63688
    1991 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Music Classics and Jazz
    1991 Deutsche Grammophon 431 760-2GH6
    1991 Philips 422719
    1991 EMI Music Distribution 67294
    1991 RCA 60709
    1991 Astree 8685
    1991 Philips 000121802
    1991 Sony Music Distribution 45613
    1990 Laserlight 35870
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 429808
    1990 Philips 422583
    1990 Laserlight 15652
    1989 Deutsche Grammophon 4277682
    1989 Hungaroton 31009/14
    1984 Philips 412122
    The Gift of Music 504
    Finlandia 95879
    Music Tins 53926
    Madacy 53927
    Philips 2B
    Bayard Musique 340583
    Deutsche Grammophon 431996
    Vivace 319
    Kontrapunkt 32092
    Brilliant 92630
    Delta Distribution 15877
    Philips 416830
    Brilliant 92268/5
    Brilliant 92388/18
    Brilliant Classics 93669/18
    Brilliant 92630/5
    Discover 920145
    Amado Classics 01032
    Miro Classical Records
    Denon Records 77616
    Pilz 160131
    Meridian Records 84113
    Accent 8853
    Musical Heritage Society 566052
    Sony Music Distribution 47222
    Teldec 242741
    Teldec 9031724832
    Denon Records 73087
    Edition HERA 2200
    Columbia 88697130942-46
    Pilz 446411-2
    Excelsior Recordings 5374