Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Piano Sonata No. 16 in C major ("Sonata semplice") K. 545

    Description by Brian Robins

    Universally known as the "Sonata facile (or semplice)," the relative ease of K. 545 has ensured that it has become the most of famous of all Mozart's piano sonatas, a work that scarcely a student of the instrument fails to learn at some point in his or her career. The entry in Mozart's own thematic catalog, dated June 26, 1788, adds that the sonata was intended "for beginners." Yet despite its fame today, the circumstances of its composition are not known, the original manuscript is lost, and the sonata was not published in Mozart's lifetime, the first edition appearing in 1805 from the press of the composer and publisher Johann André of Offenbach.

    There are three short movements: an Allegro, often quoted as a paradigm of the ambiguity of Classical "simplicity," a charming central Andante, and a tiny finale in Rondo form. It is remarkable to note that this unpretentious little work must have been composed at the same time as the great last trilogy of symphonies; indeed it was added by Mozart to his catalog of works on the same day as the first of those magnificent works, the great Symphony No. 39 in E flat, K. 543, one of his grandest conceptions.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Andante
    3. Rondo. Allegretto

    Appears On

    Year Title / Performer Label / Catalog # AllMusic Rating
    2018
    Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler
    PH 18026
    2018
    Oehms Classics
    OC 017
    2017
    Decca / Eloquence
    ELQ 4826291
    2017
    Tudor Records
    TUD 7205
    2017
    ABC Classics
    2016
    Deutsche Grammophon
    002894795516
    2016
    Warner Classics
    557399
    2016
    Warner Classics
    0825646942060
    2016
    Harmonia Mundi
    HMU 90753233
    2016
    Naxos
    8578322-23
    2016
    Warner Classics
    557828
    2016
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2015
    Sony Classical
    88875032222
    2015
    Sony Classical
    88875051802
    2015
    Hyperion
    CDA 68029
    2015
    Genuin
    GEN 15371
    2015
    Wigmore Hall Live
    WHLCD 0076
    2015
    eOne
    EOMCD 7758
    2015
    Brilliant Classics
    95101BR
    2015
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4822418
    2015
    Oehms Classics
    OC 1824
    2014
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2014
    ABC Classics
    ABC 4810853
    2014
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2014
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4793622
    2014
    Erato
    2564624223
    2013
    Sony Classical
    88765439922
    2013
    Accent
    ACC 24254
    2013
    Gramola
    98989
    2012
    Sony Classical
    88725413592
    2012
    MDG / Zebralution
    2012
    EMI Classics
    2012
    Regis / Regis Records
    1382
    2012
    Anima Records
    9040001
    2012
    Teldec
    2564662270
    2012
    Warner Classics
    662255
    2012
    Concerto / Zebralution
    2011
    Fazer / Finlandia
    2011
    Brilliant Classics
    94198
    2011
    Transart Live
    TR124
    2011
    Avie
    2209
    2011
    Sony Classical
    88697939812
    2011
    Opening Day Recordings
    ODR 7411
    2011
    Nimbus / Nimbus Records
    5867
    2010
    Various Artists
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099945752
    2010
    Naxos
    857809698
    2010
    MDG
    3411311
    2010
    Denon Records
    2010
    Brilliant Classics
    94034
    2010
    Decca
    2010
    Decca
    2010
    Royal Philharmonic Masterworks / RPO
    29000
    2009
    Sony Classical Essential Classics
    7572992
    2009
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2009
    Ambitus
    97827
    2009
    Nimbus
    2537/9
    2009
    Sony Classical Essential Classics
    741729
    2008
    Music & Arts
    1008
    2008
    EMI Classics
    229232
    2008
    Erato
    4696943
    2008
    Eroica Classical Recordings
    3404
    2008
    EMI Classics
    367524
    2008
    Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2008
    Brilliant Classics
    92733
    2008
    Altara Music
    1026
    2008
    Classic Archive
    3085208
    2008
    Philips
    4646602
    2008
    Sony Music Distribution
    714824
    2007
    Various Artists
    Music for Developing Mind / St. Clair
    44462
    2007
    Classic Mania
    93320
    2007
    Doremi Records
    71149
    2007
    Musical Concepts
    141
    2007
    Doremi Records
    7901
    2007
    Regis Records
    1254
    2007
    Decca
    433328
    2007
    Avie
    2138
    2007
    EMI Classics
    87894
    2007
    Doremi Records
    7909
    2007
    Querstand
    602
    2006
    Various Artists
    EMI Music Distribution
    70893
    2006
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    0946358472
    2006
    Various Artists
    Decca / Deutsche Grammophon / Philips / Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006
    Warner Classics
    2006
    Fazer / Finlandia
    2006
    Brilliant
    93025
    2006
    BIS
    1633
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    002894775200
    2006
    Berlin Classics
    0013682
    2006
    Various Artists
    Philips
    2006
    Music & Arts
    CD-1001
    2006
    Globe Records
    5019
    2006
    Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006
    Sony Music Distribution
    88808
    2006
    Avie
    2105
    2006
    Philips
    2006
    Oehms
    563
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4776130
    2005
    Various Artists
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    0946330381
    2005
    Warner Classics
    4623362
    2005
    Antes / Antes Edition
    319217
    2005
    Classic Art
    101
    2005
    Brilliant
    92268
    2005
    EMI Classics
    094634678926
    2005
    Naïve
    8905
    2005
    ATMA Classique
    22243
    2005
    St. Clair
    94342
    2005
    Andante
    AN 2090
    2005
    Brilliant
    92540
    2004
    Shamrock-n-Roll
    71300
    2004
    Brilliant
    92304
    2004
    Various Artists
    St. Clair
    93862
    2004
    Connoisseur Society
    4250
    2004
    Various Artists
    Brilliant
    92388
    2003
    Avie
    0025
    2003
    Various Artists
    Delta Distribution
    40024
    2003
    Gramola
    GRAM 98701/5
    2003
    Eroica Distribution
    3180
    2003
    Hungaroton
    11835
    2003
    Sony Music Distribution
    8799
    2003
    RCA
    55705
    2003
    dB Productions
    77
    2002
    Astromusic / Astro
    42
    2002
    Ivory Records
    IVCD72010
    2002
    Creative Kids Product / Creative Kids Productions
    35
    2002
    Sony International / Sony Music Entertainment
    87860
    2002
    Astree
    8869
    2002
    Praga
    356020-34
    2002
    Music & Arts
    CD1098
    2001
    Philips / Philips
    586154
    2001
    Haenssler
    98410
    2001
    Platinum Entertainment
    14612
    2001
    Musicians Showcase
    1044
    2001
    Calliope
    9270
    2001
    Deutsche Grammophon
    469286
    2001
    Various Artists
    Nimbus
    1739
    2000
    Stradivarius
    33410
    2000
    Simax
    1149
    2000
    Intersound
    1771
    2000
    Various Artists
    Philips
    000575602
    2000
    Intersound
    2900
    2000
    BIS
    835/37
    2000
    EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics
    7243573915
    2000
    Tring
    072
    2000
    Multisonic
    310336
    1999
    Philips
    456925
    1999
    Platinum Entertainment
    6502
    1999
    Philips
    454987
    1999
    Pearl
    9138
    1999
    Philips
    456928
    1999
    Deutsche Grammophon
    463137
    1999
    Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    1999
    Hungaroton
    31802/3
    1998
    Various Artists
    Intersound
    1737
    1998
    Deutsche Grammophon
    459071
    1998
    Sony Music Distribution
    62879
    1998
    Deutsche Grammophon
    459055
    1998
    Avalon Records
    64
    1997
    Various Artists
    Madacy
    8803
    1997
    Nimbus
    1775
    1997
    Philips
    456132
    1997
    Sony Music Distribution
    63290
    1996
    Arbiter
    ARBITER104
    1996
    Praga
    354001.15
    1995
    Vox
    5512
    1995
    Gallo
    679
    1995
    Teldec
    4509-90825-2
    1995
    Philips
    446238
    1995
    Sony Classical
    52627
    1995
    London
    443717
    1995
    Hungaroton
    31458
    1995
    Capriccio Records
    10415
    1995
    Philips
    446 222-2PB25
    1994
    Harmonia Mundi
    1903006
    1994
    Denon Records
    8007
    1994
    Naxos
    505012
    1994
    Naxos
    550446
    1993
    Denon Records
    8075
    1993
    Olympia (Classical/Jazz)
    231
    1993
    ESS.A.Y.
    1006
    1993
    Centaur Records
    2159
    1992
    Vox
    5046
    1992
    Erato
    45510
    1991
    EMI Music Distribution
    63688
    1991
    Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Music Classics and Jazz
    1991
    Deutsche Grammophon
    431 760-2GH6
    1991
    Philips
    422719
    1991
    EMI Music Distribution
    67294
    1991
    RCA
    60709
    1991
    Astree
    8685
    1991
    Philips
    000121802
    1991
    Sony Music Distribution
    45613
    1990
    Laserlight
    35870
    1990
    Deutsche Grammophon
    429808
    1990
    Philips
    422583
    1990
    Laserlight
    15652
    1989
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4277682
    1989
    Hungaroton
    31009/14
    1984
    Philips
    412122
    The Gift of Music
    504
    Finlandia
    95879
    Music Tins
    53926
    Madacy
    53927
    Various Artists
    Philips
    2B
    Various Artists
    Bayard Musique
    340583
    Deutsche Grammophon
    431996
    Vivace
    319
    Kontrapunkt
    32092
    Brilliant
    92630
    Delta Distribution
    15877
    Philips
    416830
    Brilliant
    92268/5
    Brilliant
    92388/18
    Brilliant Classics
    93669/18
    Brilliant
    92630/5
    Discover
    920145
    Amado Classics
    01032
    Miro Classical Records
    Denon Records
    77616
    Pilz
    160131
    Meridian Records
    84113
    Accent
    8853
    Musical Heritage Society
    566052
    Sony Music Distribution
    47222
    Teldec
    242741
    Teldec
    9031724832
    Denon Records
    73087
    Edition HERA
    2200
    Columbia
    88697130942-46
    Pilz
    446411-2
    Various Artists
    Excelsior Recordings
    5374