George Frederick Handel

Concerto Grosso in D minor, Op.6/10, HWV 328

    Description by Aaron Rabushka

    This work is one of a series of twelve dashing and elegant concerti grossi in which Handel explores kaleidoscopically shifting relationships among the instruments of a string orchestra. In consonance with the traditions of concerto grosso style he exploits the contrast between a small concertino (group of solo instruments) and a larger ripieno (orchestral complement). Throughout this cycle the concertino features two violins, a cello, and a chordal continuo instrument, and the ripieno comprises larger groups of violins and violas along with a continuo usually played by cellos, string basses, and one or several chordal instruments.

    This concerto starts out pompously with a French-style overture. It begins in the elegantly proclamatory mood characteristic of such overtures, prominently featuring long notes in dotted rhythms and quick weak-beat "leads" that jump between them. A fugue with a quite extensive and intricate subject follows, reprising the introductory material at its climax. There are no concertino passages in this movement.

    The next movement, marked Lentement ("slowly") for tempo, is a melancholy Air that often features the sarabande rhythm as it progresses. The concertino steps out as a unit in the solo passages.

    There follow two industrious Allegro movements, the first of which features material shared (sometimes imitatively) among the conversing groups of instruments (there are no concertino passages), and another in which the solo violins step forward as individuals in concertino excursions (that sometimes feature discreet continuo accompaniment) as part of an ardent and straightforward discourse.

    The concluding Allegro moderato struts elegantly along its path, reaching the end by way of a variation with running repeated notes. There are no concertino passages in this movement.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Overture. Allegro - Lentement
    2. Air. Lentement
    3. Allegro
    4. Allegro
    5. Allegro moderato
    6. Allegro moderato (supplementary)

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 RCA Red Seal 88985321742
    2015 Brilliant Classics 95050BR
    2015 Orfeo ORFC 831151A
    2015 AAO Music MCRP 2650182
    2013 Archiv Produktion 002894791045AB55
    2012 Challenge Classics / NorthStar LLC CC 72548
    2012 Challenge Classics CC 72570
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon 002894770055
    2011 SOMM SOMMB 31
    2010 Cascavelle 3119
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Decca
    2010 DA Records / Zebralution
    2009 Warner Classics / Wcj 2564 69551-7
    2009 Decca 4781190
    2009 ABC Classics 4763436
    2009 Document 231567
    2009 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2009 Audite 21403
    2008 Telarc Distribution 80688
    2008 BIS 1705/6
    2008 ZYX Music 10317
    2008 Melodiya MELCD 1001300
    2007 Melodiya MELCD 1001115
    2006 Wigmore Hall 5
    2006 Avie 2065
    2006 Archiv Produktion
    2004 Harmonia Mundi 1951507
    2004 Haenssler 94001
    2004 Brilliant 92390
    2003 St. Clair 31052
    2003 Brilliant 99986
    2003 Melodram 40068
    2002 Deutsche Grammophon 471758
    2002 EMI Music Distribution 75517
    2001 Harmonia Mundi 2907228
    2001 Orfeo 550011
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 73344
    1999 BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 515
    1999 London 458 333-2LC8
    1999 Archiv Produktion 463094
    1998 Decca 4588172
    1998 Harmonia Mundi 907228
    1998 Chandos 622
    1997 Madacy 8801
    1997 Philips 454363
    1997 Arcobaleno 9405
    1997 Arte Nova 30497
    1997 Point Classics 265018
    1996 Deutsche Grammophon 447733
    1996 ASV 6165
    1995 Harmonia Mundi 901507
    1995 Haenssler 98902
    1994 Intersound 1205
    1994 Madacy 3620
    1994 Naxos 550158
    1994 Elektra 95500
    1993 L'Oiseau-Lyre 436845
    1991 Chandos CHAN9004/6
    1991 CBS Masterworks 45824
    1991 Deutsche Grammophon 435041
    1989 Philips 422370
    1987 Archiv Produktion 423149
    1985 Archiv Produktion 410 899-2AH
    Lys 143145
    Capriccio Records 10994
    Capriccio Records 10023
    Powder Classics 5059
    Philips 410048
    Savoy 00795041970428
    Brilliant 99986/5
    Brilliant 92390/30
    Haenssler 91103
    Mercury Baroque Records 621
    White Label 166
    Russian Compact Disc (RCD) 25012
    Arte Nova 37326
    Digital Concerto 684
    Deutsche Grammophon 471289