Turunas da Mauricéia

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Vocal/instrumental group formed in Recife, Pernambuco, in 1926 by Augusto Calheiros (vocals), João Frazão (musical director/guitar), the blind Manoel de Lima (guitar), and brothers João Miranda (guitar)…
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Vocal/instrumental group formed in Recife, Pernambuco, in 1926 by Augusto Calheiros (vocals), João Frazão (musical director/guitar), the blind Manoel de Lima (guitar), and brothers João Miranda (guitar) and Romualdo Miranda (violão), the Turunas da Mauricéia extensively influenced the urban music of Rio de Janeiro with their ostensive Northeastern culture. This can be noticed through the appearance of groups mirrored in their performance and compositions, such as Bando de Tangarás formed by Noel Rosa, Almirante, João de Barro, and other important artists who mirrored the Turunas in their early performances. According to Almirante, Luperce Miranda (mandolin) was never an effective member of the group, notwithstanding the ubiquitous references affirming the contrary. In spite of their short existence (1927-1929), they were an absolute success in their time, touring the south of Brazil along with Argentina and Uruguay, having recorded 17 78 rpms with 34 songs. Their biggest hits were "A Canção da Sertaneja" (Adauto Belo, 1929), "É Boi!" (Augusto Calheiros, 1929), "Helena" (Luperce Miranda, 1927), "Muié Teimosa" (Augusto Calheiros, 1929), "Oia! Oia! O Tombo do Ganzá" (João Frazão, 1929), "O Pequeno Tururu" (Luperce Miranda/Augusto Calheiros, 1927), "Pandeiro Furado" (unknown, 1927), "Pinião" (Augusto Calheiros/Luperce Miranda, 1927), and "Samba da Pesqueira" (João Frazão, 1929).

In 1927, the group moved to Rio de Janeiro without Luperce Miranda, who would join them months later. In that city, they opened at the Teatro Lírico, sponsored by the Correio da Manhã daily. Exploring the exoticism of the Northeastern "typical" cowboy outfit and the folkloric repertory of cocos, emboladas, and toadas -- until then unknown in the Southeast (with the exception of toadas like "Luar do Sertão" by João Pernambuco/Catulo da Paixão Cearense) -- they had enormous success from the start. Soon hired for the Rádio Clube, they became more and more popular and they had a hit with the embolada "Pinião" (Luperce Miranda), which became the big success of the Carnaval of 1928. The group was dissolved in 1929 and some of its members returned to Recife.