Sebastián Martínez Verdugo was a Spanish organist and composer in the late Renaissance/early Baroque. Verdugo's namesake father was the organist of the Descalzas convent in Madrid at the same time that Tomás Luis de Victoria was maestro di cappella there. In 1594, the young Verdugo lost the competition for the post of organist of the Palencia Cathedral to Jerónimo Peraza. However, he found better luck in Portugal, where Philip II made him and another Spaniard the official keyboard players of the royal chapel in 1596. Despite his comfortable salary there, even back pay by a year, he didn't seem to adjust well to life in Portugal, returned to Spain two years later. In 1600, he became organist at the Cuenca Cathedral, accepting the same position at Malaga Cathedral in 1607. In the same year, now middle-aged, he at last inherited from Bernardo Clavijo del Castillo the position at the royal chapel in Madrid that he had failed to achieve as a young man, and held the post until the end of his life. His works include the Canta missa de gallo un niño for three and five voices.
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