Starting to write songs in the '40s, Klecius Caldas' first song to achieve popularity was "O Velho Bar," launched by Francisco Alves at the Rádio Nacional and recorded later by Helena de Lima. His samba-canção "Somos Dois" (with Armando Cavalcanti/Luiz Antônio), the first of his songs to be recorded, became a hit in 1948 with Dick Farney's rendition. The song inspired the realization of the eponymous film (1950), written by Nelson Rodrigues and starring Dick Farney and a soundtrack written by Caldas and his collaborators. In 1949, Francisco Alves recorded with success his samba "Palavras Amigas" (with Armando Cavalcanti). His hits of the '50s (always with Cavalcanti) in the baião genre were "Sertão de Jequié" (recorded by Dalva de Oliveira) and "Boiadeiro" (recorded by Luiz Gonzaga). The duo also had success with Carnaval musics like "Marcha do Gago" (recorded in 1950 by Oscarito), "Papai Adão," and "Maria Candelária" (recorded by Black-Out, respectively, in 1951 and 1952), "Máscara da Face" (1953, recorded by Dircinha Batista), and "Piada de Salão" (which won a Carnival contest, having been recorded by Black-Out in 1954, who also recorded "Maria Escandalosa" the next year; this song would also be recorded by Maria Bethânia two decades later). The duo also had success in 1956 with the samba "Neste Mesmo Lugar" and in 1960, with "Sua Majestade O Neném." Other Carnival hits in the '60s were "A Letra Jota" (1961), "Marcha do Paredão" (1962), and "A Lua é Camarada" (1963).
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