b. Hubert Hassard-Short, 15 October 1877, Edington, Wiltshire, England, d. 9 October 1956, Nice, France. After working in the theatre in London and New York as an actor and occasional director, all without much success, Short hit his stride in the early 20s and was thereafter responsible for some of the decade’s biggest money-spinners. Working for the Shubert Brothers, he staged their popular Music Box Revues from 1921-23. He also directed Sunny (1925), which starred Marilyn Miller. With enormous flair, Short brought together all the elements of music, movement, lighting and sets that came to epitomize the Broadway musical of the late 20s and early 30s. His shows of the 30s included some of the greatest hits, including Howard Dietz and Arthur Schwartz’s The Band Wagon (1931), Irving Berlin’s As Thousands Cheer, Jerome Kern’s Roberta (both 1933), The Great Waltz (1934) and Cole Porter’s Jubilee (1935). He maintained his impressive momentum through the 40s, staging Kurt Weill and Ira Gershwin’s Lady In The Dark (1941), Something For The Boys (1943), the groundbreaking Carmen Jones (1943), with lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II to Georges Bizet’s music, a revival of Kern’s Show Boat (1946) and Make Mine Manhattan (1948), which was a starring vehicle for Sid Caesar. Short continued working into the 50s.