The Groupies made their name as a live act at New York's The Scene club in the mid-1960s, and signed to Atco for just one single, "Primitive," released in early 1966. A not-so-thin rewrite of "Smokestack Lightning," the record is a typical American garage derivation of the Rolling Stones and Yardbirds, and perhaps not as exciting as its reputation among garage devotees might indicate. It was reissued on Pebbles Vol. 10, and later on the Nuggets box set. Its flipside, a similarly crude R&B cover (of "I'm a Hog for You"), appeared on the compilation Ear-Piercing Punk.