One of the first published composers in Cape Verde, Eugenio Tavares was known as the undisputed master of the Creole morna and the poet of Cape Verde. Influencing a shift from the traditional melancholy themes of mornas to more romantic subjects, Tavares' music encompassed elements of the Luso-Brazilian modinha, the Portuguese fado, and Angolan rhythms. According to author Anna Joia Barros: "There were many poets of note in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (in Brava, Cape Verde), but Tavares was the greatest of all." Many of Tavares' compositions were collected and published, as Morna: Cantigas Crioulas, in 1932, two years after his death. An album of his mornas was recorded in 1986 by Cape Verdean vocalist Gardenia, the granddaughter of an actress, singer, and personal friend of Tavares'.
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