Domingos Gonçalves Magalhaes

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Domingos Gonçalves de Magalhães was, together with Manuel de Araújo Porto Alegre, the creator of Romanticism in Brazil. Most importantly, in terms of Brazilian popular music, he was the first to write…
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Domingos Gonçalves de Magalhães was, together with Manuel de Araújo Porto Alegre, the creator of Romanticism in Brazil. Most importantly, in terms of Brazilian popular music, he was the first to write songs in a partnership, having been responsible for more than ten lyrics for songs for which music was written by Rafael Coelho Machado around 1842. Returning to Rio in the late 1830s, he was already famous because of his poetry book, Suspiros Poéticos e Saudades, which inaugurated Romanticism in Brazil. Published in 1836 in Paris, France, the book caused Magalhães to be cherished by the Carioca intelligentsia. In those times, artists and intellectuals met at the bookstore of typographer Paula Brito in today's Praça Tiradentes, where the incipient Romanticism of the capital was being developed. Rafael Coelho Machado, who arrived in Rio in 1835 to be a music professor, was also a music publisher, and it was in that capacity that he frequented Paula Brito's bookstore; he ended up becoming a partner of Magalhães'. Some years later, Magalhães left Brazil, returning to Europe where he published his book, Urânia, in Vienna, Austria, in 1862.