Gregorian Chant

Salve Regina, antiphon in mode 1

    Description by Uncle Dave Lewis

    The processional anthem Salve Regina (Hail holy queen, mother of mercy) is one of the four main Marian antiphons in the Catholic Breviary. Roman church authorities frequently ascribe its composition most confidently to the Swabian monk, chronicler, and astrologer Hermannus Contractus (1013 - 1054). Some sources credit the Salve Regina to Petrus of Monsoro (who died in 1000), and yet others claim the Salve Regina was written as a rallying cry by Adhémar de Montiel (who died in 1098), Bishop of Podium and leader of the first Crusade into Antioch. This has led to an occasional reference identifying the Salve Regina as the "Antiphona de Podia," although few scholars today are likely to take this notion seriously. Secular musicologists are of an altogether different mind about the origins of the Salve Regina. The earliest reference to the work yet found is in a 1135 declaration of Peter the Venerable, abbot of Cluny, who made it a rule that the Salve Regina be sung during processions held on certain feast days. The earliest manuscript source for the work is found in a Cistercian antiphoner formerly from the abbey of Movimondo near Milan, now housed in the Bibliothèque Nationale (F-pn n.a.1412) and compiled in the 1150s. The remainder of most manuscripts containing the Salve Regina datable to before the fourteenth century originate from Cistercian monasteries, and on this basis it is generally concluded that the Salve Regina originated in France among the Cistercian order. In the late middle ages, the Salve Regina was sung in a wide variety of liturgical contexts. The current placement of the anthem between the First Vespers of Trinity Sunday through the Saturday before Advent was established by the Dominican Order in the thirteenth century. Polyphonic settings of the Salve Regina were common in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, particularly among English and Franco-Flemish composers of sacred music. The Salve Regina remains popular even at the end of the twentieth century, where its English language equivalent "Hail holy queen" was included in a list of the top 20 most popular Catholic hymns. The common version of the Salve Regina is in the First Mode, identical still to the version recorded in the Movimondo manuscript, although there is a version in the Third Mode found in early German manuscripts that is performed with far less frequency.

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2015 Warner Classics 5054196451929
    2014 Teldec 2564641038
    2014 ABC Classics ABC 4765106
    2012 Sony Classical 88697902042
    2012 ECM New Series 4764499
    2012 Audite AUDITE 92653
    2012 Editions Hortus HOR 56
    2012 The Gift of Music CCLCDG 1260
    2012 Virgin Classics / Warner Classics 5099923201
    2011 Gramola 98907
    2011 The Gift of Music CCLCDG1251
    2011 Decca NTUCJ5
    2011 Decca
    2011 EMI Classics / Virgin Classics 5099907085123
    2010 BIS / Erato / Virgin Classics 5099962851
    2010 Warner Classics & Jazz 68362
    2010 Denon Records
    2009 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099996429
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2008 Decca / Universal Distribution
    2008 Laserlight / Zebralution
    2008 Music Brokers 5397
    2008 Music Digital / Zebralution
    2008 Denon Records 17742
    2007 Tactus 260001
    2007 Philips
    2007 EMI Music Distribution 508309
    2006 Deja Vu 20
    2006 Solesmes 13
    2006 Milan
    2006 Ruth Cunningham 8032
    2006 JAV Recordings JAV152
    2006 Milan
    2006 Virgin 64799
    2005 Jade 36142
    2005 Jade / Milan
    2005 Erato / Virgin Classics 7243562488
    2005 Sony Music Distribution SMV2027787
    2005 Hyperion 55247
    2005 Laserlight 14500
    2004 Enchiriadis 2005
    2004 BIS 1426
    2003 Inner World 6611
    2003 Pro Organo 7151
    2003 Soli Deo Gloria 220744
    2002 Virgin 561990
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 65217
    2001 Astree / Naïve 4868
    2001 Naxos 8 556709
    2000 Fine Classics 4425
    2000 Jade 69822
    2000 Stradivarius 33405
    1999 Herald Records 122
    1999 Naxos 8 554744
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 69552
    1999 Opus 111 7004
    1998 Fine Tune 2209
    1998 Capriccio Records 10738
    1998 Christophorus 0105
    1997 Rivoalto 9510
    1997 EMI Angel / Angel Records 37086
    1997 Rivoalto 9701
    1997 Cypres 3609
    1996 Angel Records 56261
    1996 Angel Records 56202
    1996 Solesmes 824
    1996 Centaur Records 2456
    1996 Hyperion 66828
    1996 Gloriae Dei Cantores / Paraclete 5
    1996 Solesmes 826
    1995 SKR Classical / SKR Records 1801
    1995 Vox 7506
    1995 Herald Records 157
    1995 Herald Records 161
    1995 Solesmes 829
    1995 Herald Records 148
    1995 Teldec / Elektra 4509-99203-4
    1995 Teldec 99203
    1995 Scotti Brothers 75460
    1994 Atlantic 82703
    1994 EMI Classics / EMI Italy 65135
    1994 Polygram Latino / PolyGram 523133
    1994 EMI Music Distribution CD-CFP4646
    1994 Sony Classical 66705
    1994 Madacy 5449
    1994 Just A Memory Records 9123
    1994 Madacy 9114
    1993 Channel Classics 0390
    1992 Collegium Records COLCD116
    1990 London 425 729-2DM
    1990 Philips 420879
    The Gift of Music 1158
    Bescol 5/4
    Ave Maria Press
    AMR Music 92046
    VQR 2046
    Divine Word Missionaries 101
    Jade 91009
    Jade 107
    Capella Classics 11112
    Eufoda 1222
    Milan 35666
    Eufoda 1221
    Eufoda 1125
    Jade 014
    Best Music International 88361
    Gloriae Dei Cantores 010
    Accord 205072
    Adda 581109
    Arcade Music 338