Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Piano Sonata No. 14 in C minor, K. 457

    Description by Brian Robins

    Composed in Vienna in the fall of 1784, the C minor sonata was entered in the thematic catalog Mozart started earlier that year on October 14. For Mozart, 1784 was a year of intense compositional activity for the piano, the eight preceding entries in the catalog all indicating piano works. Six months later, Mozart composed a Fantasia in C Minor, K. 475, that has become irrevocably associated with the sonata and invariably precedes it in performance, forming an expansive prelude. It was the composer himself who originally linked the two works, which were published together by the Viennese publisher Artaria under the title "Fantasie et Sonate Pour le Forte-Piano" late in 1785. Although unusual, such a coupling of a work in free, improvisatory style with the stricter form of a sonata was not unparalleled, particularly in the works of Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach -- with whose music Mozart was well acquainted. The title page of the first publication bears a dedication to Therese von Trattner, who was a pupil of Mozart's and the wife of Johann von Trattner, a printer and publisher who was also Mozart's landlord at the time the works were composed. As usual with Mozart's relatively few minor-mode works, the C minor sonata is a highly personal work. But here the mood is not one of storminess or tragedy, as in his G minor works, but of high drama in the operatic sense. The mood of noble suffering in the central E flat Adagio has, for example, been viewed by at least one commentator as music that appears to be a direct precursor of that Mozart was to write for the Countess in Le nozze di Figaro, while the final Allegro assai is a movement in intense dramatic agitation that looks forward to the Romantics, most immediately to the "Pathétique" sonata of Beethoven.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Adagio
    3. Molto allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2015 Sony Classical 88875032222
    2015 Accent ACC 24311
    2015 Sony Classical 88875051802
    2015 Gramola GRAM 99030
    2015 Wigmore Hall Live WHLCD 0076
    2015 eOne EOMCD 7758
    2015 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 15021
    2015 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4822418
    2014 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Archipel ARPCD 0547
    2014 ABC Classics ABC 4810853
    2014 Gramola 98990
    2014 MDG MDGSC 9121866
    2014 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4793622
    2014 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Erato 2564624223
    2013 Music & Arts CD 1274
    2013 Profil / Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 13024
    2013 Accent ACC 24254
    2012 Oehms Classics OC 797
    2012 Sony Classical 88725413592
    2012 MDG / Zebralution
    2012 RPO RPM 29010
    2012 Anima Records 9040001
    2012 Harmonia Mundi HMG 50838889
    2011 Decca
    2011 Genuin GEN 11212
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94198
    2011 Harmonia Mundi 907498
    2011 Avie 2209
    2011 Regis Records 1345
    2011 Fleur de Son FDS 58001
    2011 Artek AR0055
    2010 Classics & Jazz / Universal Classics & Jazz
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon / DG Deutsche Grammophon 4779111
    2010 Brilliant Classics 94034
    2010 Decca 448 629-2DH
    2010 Denon Records
    2009 Sony Classical Essential Classics 7572992
    2009 Denon Records
    2008 Brilliant 93162
    2008 EMI Classics 229232
    2008 Erato 4696943
    2008 EMI Classics 367524
    2008 Brilliant Classics 92733
    2008 Altara Music 1026
    2008 Farao Classics 108008
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2007 Meridian Records 84493
    2007 Passacaille PAS 941
    2007 Decca 4758127
    2007 Kultur 4187
    2007 Regis Records 1251
    2007 Apex
    2007 Musical Concepts 141
    2007 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 6015
    2007 Doremi Records 7901
    2007 Avie 2138
    2007 EMI Classics 87894
    2007 Accent 10018
    2007 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4777152 GM 2
    2007 Brilliant 93180
    2007 Archipel 0341
    2006 Fabula Classica 1256
    2006 Music & Arts CD1187
    2006 MSR Classics 1123
    2006 Summit Records 451
    2006 Warner Classics
    2006 Fazer / Finlandia
    2006 Brilliant 93025
    2006 BIS 1633
    2006 DG Deutsche Grammophon 002894775200
    2006 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2006 Orfeo 712062
    2006 Berlin Classics 0013682
    2006 Philips
    2006 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000583202
    2006 Music & Arts CD-1001
    2006 Harmonia Mundi 2961815
    2006 Avie 2105
    2006 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 88808
    2006 Philips
    2006 Oehms 563
    2006 Andromeda 5046
    2005 Brilliant 92702
    2005 BBC Legends / BBC Music 41662
    2005 Brilliant 92614
    2005 Warner Classics 4623362
    2005 ATMA Classique 22247
    2005 MDG 3411301
    2005 Brilliant 92268
    2005 Naïve 8905
    2005 Archipel 0220
    2005 Urania 4234
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2005 Eroica Distribution 3222
    2004 Connoisseur Society 4250
    2004 Columns 99709
    2004 Harmonia Mundi 901815
    2004 Harmonia Mundi 801815
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2003 Mirare 9913
    2003 Saphir
    2003 Gramola GRAM 98701/5
    2003 Artemis Classics 1195
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 8799
    2003 RCA 55705
    2002 Dynamic 413
    2002 Doremi Records 7795
    2002 Sony International / Sony Music Entertainment 87860
    2002 Astree 8868
    2002 Music & Arts 1102
    2001 Aura Classics 0411
    2001 Doremi Records 71139
    2001 Carlton Classics 6601112
    2001 Musicians Showcase 1041
    2001 Supraphon 35812
    2001 Supraphon 35802
    2001 Philips 468048
    2001 Fleur de Son 57951
    2000 Stradivarius 33410
    2000 Four Winds 3013
    2000 Arcobaleno 94412
    2000 Philips 000575602
    2000 BIS 835/37
    2000 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243573915
    2000 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469 160-2GP2
    2000 Stradivarius 33343
    1999 Philips 462232
    1999 Decca / DG Deutsche Grammophon
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 463137
    1999 Hungaroton 31804/6
    1999 Philips Classics 446921
    1999 Philips 456790
    1998 Sony Music Distribution 62879
    1997 Harmonia Mundi 911625
    1997 Nimbus 1775
    1997 Philips 456132
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 63290
    1996 Live Classics 351
    1996 Philips 454244
    1996 Arbiter ARBITER104
    1996 Philips 446920
    1995 Gallo 608
    1995 Gallo 679
    1995 VAI Audio 1096
    1995 Gallo 719
    1995 Philips 446229
    1995 Sony Classical 52627
    1995 London 443717
    1995 Philips 446 222-2PB25
    1995 Live Classics 422
    1994 Philips 438 480-2PH2
    1994 Naxos 505012
    1994 Naxos 550258
    1994 Naxos 550449
    1994 Philips 442464
    1993 Simax 1092
    1993 Olympia (Classical/Jazz) 230
    1993 Denon Records 8074
    1992 Vox 5046
    1992 RCA 60453
    1991 EMI Music Distribution 63688
    1991 DG Deutsche Grammophon 431 760-2GH6
    1991 DG Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Music Classics and Jazz
    1991 EMI Music Distribution 67294
    1991 Philips 422719
    1991 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    1991 Sony Music Distribution 46748
    1991 Astree 8684
    1991 Philips 000121802
    1991 Sony Music Distribution 45613
    1990 DG Deutsche Grammophon 429808
    1990 DG Deutsche Grammophon 429 739-2GH
    1989 Hungaroton 31009/14
    1986 Philips 412617
    Discover 920144
    CCC Music Productions 78010
    Curb 78010
    Monica Jakuc
    Ermitage 405
    Hugo Goldenzweig
    6w 16
    London 417372
    Susan Rose 000
    Sony Music Distribution 48082
    Accord Music
    EMI Music Distribution 49274
    Loft Recordings 60027
    Kontrapunkt 32092
    Brilliant 92630
    Stradivarius 33303
    Denon Records 77615
    Denon Records 78945
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 431275
    Musical Heritage Society 524133
    Delta Distribution 15877
    Brilliant 92614/1
    Brilliant 93162/9
    Brilliant 92702/9
    Brilliant 93180/25
    Erato
    Brilliant 92388/17
    Brilliant Classics 93669/17
    Brilliant 92630/4
    Brilliant 92268/4
    Koch International Classics 7040
    Virgin 61101
    Erato 45216
    Meridian Records 84197
    Classic Masters 1005
    Musik Strasse 2103
    Accent 8853
    Erato 45622
    Discover 920215
    Musical Heritage Society 566052
    Sony Music Distribution 47222
    Teldec 242741
    Teldec 9031724832
    Edition HERA 2200
    Dynamic 4
    Amado Classics 01033
    Titanic 206
    Memoria 991009
    MiClaire