Johann Sebastian Bach

Partita for solo violin No. 3 in E major, BWV 1006

    Description by Blair Johnston

    Although J.S. Bach described his six sonatas and partitas for solo violin as Libro primo (Book 1), he never followed them up with a second volume; so the Partita for solo violin No. 3 in E major, BWV 1006 (Cöthen, 1720), stands as the composer's last utterance in the unlikely medium of the unaccompanied violin. There were some solo violin works that predate Bach's efforts -- Biber's Passacaglia, Westhoff's Six Partitas -- but they cannot compare.

    This Partita is perhaps the most exuberant and cheery of the three in the book; while it is no picnic in the park for the violinist, it offers easier going than the chaconne in the second partita with its strings of double and triple stops. The work consists of dance movements that are mostly French in origin and that diverge from those in the other two : Preludio, Loure, Gavotte en Rondeau, Menuet I and II, Bourrée, and Gigue. The Preludio, which was adapted by Bach for use in two of his cantatas, proceeds almost entirely in brilliant sixteenth notes. A Loure is a slow subspecies of French jig, usually (as is the case here) in 6/4 time; Bach's is perhaps a less heavy dance than the average loure. The Gavotte is, as the name suggests, set up as a kind of rondo, with restatements of the opening material surrounding contrasting episodes; the happy gavotte tune is played five times in all (six if one counts the repeat of the opening eight bars). The two Menuets are traditionally played da capo with the end result: Menuet I -- Menuet II -- Menuet I. The Bourrée is short and rapid. A gigue can be either French in style or Italian; Bach selects the quicker, snappier Italian variety to close the E major Partita.

    Bach at some point transcribed the entirety of this Partita for solo lute; that version is known as BWV 1006a.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Preludio
    2. Loure
    3. Gavotte en rondeau
    4. Menuet 1
    5. Menuet 2
    6. Bourrée
    7. Gigue

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2017 Albany Records TROY 1662/63
    2017 Nimbus Alliance NI 6331
    2017 New Focus FCR 178
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4796220
    2016 CAvi-music 8553346
    2016 Gega GD 19
    2016 Warner Classics 0190295944162
    2016 Analekta AN 287723
    2016 Harmonia Mundi HM 2016
    2016 Brilliant Classics 95424BR
    2016 Bridge BCD 9460
    2016 Oehms Classics OC 013
    2016 Linn Records BKD 366
    2016 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 15036
    2016 Linn / Linn Records CKD 548
    2016 Decca / Philips 4788977
    2016 Avie AV 2360
    2016 Naxos 8578336-37
    2016 RCA Red Seal 88985321742
    2016 EuroArts / Warner Classics 555050
    2016 Warner Classics 0825646777051
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4796018
    2016 Troubadisc TROCD 01444
    2015 Champs Hill Records CHRCD 102
    2015 Ja Hsieh
    2015 Challenge Classics CC 72648
    2015 Onyx / Onyx Classics ONYX 4123
    2015 Canary Classics CC 14
    2015 Supraphon SU 41862
    2015 Naïve E 8939
    2015 Nimbus Records NI 2581
    2015 Sony Classical 88875126182
    2015 Warner Classics 0825646129812
    2015 MSR Classics MS 1605
    2015 Albany Music Distribution TROY 1605/06
    2014 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT 348
    2014 Supraphon SU 41752
    2014 Rewind REW 515
    2014 Pan Classics PC 10298
    2014 Warner Classics 5099901928129
    2014 Es-Dur ES2043
    2014 Challenge Classics CC 72625
    2013 Oehms Classics OC 868
    2013 Phi LPH 008
    2013 Musica Omnia 0503
    2013 EMI Music Distribution
    2013 Ondine ODE 12412D
    2013 Brilliant Classics 94667
    2013 Centaur Records CRC 32833284
    2013 Skarbo DSK 11088
    2013 Dynamic CDS 75812
    2012 Cedille Records CDR 90000134
    2012 Oehms Classics OC 834
    2012 BIS BISSACD 1972
    2012 Flora FLORA 0403
    2012 EMI Classics 6787412
    2012 Bridge BRIDGE 9358AB
    2012 Dagamba dagamba 100
    2012 Entertainment Group 12401
    2012 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2011 Passacaille PAS 970
    2011 Nimbus Alliance NI 6142
    2011 Transart Live TR102
    2011 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT110902
    2011 Camerata Records CMCD 201012
    2011 Genuin GEN 11207
    2011 Berlin Classics 0016722
    2011 Meridian Records CDE 8459562
    2011 EMI Classics
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099908528124
    2011 Linn Records CKD 366
    2011 EMI Classics 509990947972
    2010 Decca
    2010 Brilliant Classics 94050
    2010 EMI Classics 6482982
    2010 Ondine 1164
    2010 Phil.Harmonie 6007
    2010 Naïve V 5181
    2010 Harmonia Mundi 902059
    2010 Berlin Classics 0016732
    2010 Nimbus 2557/8
    2010 Apex
    2010 Teldec 256468103
    2010 Genuin 89161
    2010 Challenge Classics 72351
    2009 Onyx ONYX 4040
    2009 Camerata Records 15081/82
    2009 Blue Saphir 1030
    2009 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099926504
    2009 Con Brio 232
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Aeon 0535
    2009 Decca 4781149
    2009 Decca
    2009 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099926413
    2008 Erato
    2008 Arte Nova Classics 675010
    2008 Naxos 8570277
    2008 Berlin Classics 0149292
    2008 Erato / Virgin Classics 5099952203
    2008 Brilliant Classics 93668
    2008 Apex 4696157
    2008 Sony Classical Essential Classics 88697306012
    2008 Brilliant 8712
    2008 IDIS 6535/6
    2008 Alphée / Zebralution
    2008 Sony Classical Essential Classics 721742
    2007 Auris Subtilis 5021-2000
    2007 Linn Records CKD 300
    2007 Euroarts 2055638
    2007 Scandinavian Classics 220506
    2007 Haenssler 98250
    2007 Document 231122
    2007 Ancalagon 132
    2007 Eroica Distribution 3304
    2007 Regis Records 2077
    2007 Scandinavian Classics 220524
    2007 Apex 4643752
    2007 Gaudeamus 359
    2007 Cascade Records 2100
    2007 EMI Music Distribution 3873972
    2007 Melodiya MELCD 1001000
    2007 Bmc Records 134
    2006 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 0946374378
    2006 Brilliant 99697
    2006 Brilliant 93102
    2006 Aeolus Music 10044
    2006 Canal Grande 6010
    2006 Alpha Productions 090
    2006 Brilliant Classics 92287
    2006 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 Music & Arts CD1187
    2006 Nalu Music
    2006 Philips
    2006 Classics & Jazz
    2006 Philips 4757552
    2006 ECM 000762102
    2006 Philips 4757451
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 000646102
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 77138
    2005 Emec / EMEC (Editorial de Musica Espanola) 060/1
    2005 Artemis Records 1246
    2005 Brilliant Classics 92215
    2005 History 204580
    2005 Veritas
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Naxos 8557563-64
    2005 Berlin Classics 9275
    2005 CP2 CP2 118119
    2005 Biddulph Recordings 80207
    2005 PentaTone Classics 5186072
    2005 Electrecord 583/84
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 76811
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Nonesuch
    2005 Arte Nova 577410
    2004 BIS 1229
    2004 Virgin 62340
    2004 Warner Music
    2004 Brilliant 92391
    2004 Cavalli Records 132
    2004 Sony Classical 92749
    2004 Virgin Classics 62374
    2003 Droffig Recordings 10
    2003 Musicians Showcase 1047
    2003 Testament 1257
    2003 Aura Classics 0261
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000204902
    2003 Musical Heritage Society 5260819
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000031502
    2003 Multisonic 310487
    2003 Bach Guild 1246
    2003 Fleur de Son Classics 57959
    2002 Hungaroton 32120
    2002 Channel Classics 2498
    2002 Classica d'Oro 2014
    2002 Teldec 81229
    2002 Naxos 110964
    2002 DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 77843
    2002 Deutsche Grammophon 469 259-2GP2
    2002 Doremi Records 7780
    2001 Parnassus Records 96009/10
    2001 DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 05472775272
    2001 Musica Viva 1033
    2000 EMI Music Distribution 73644
    2000 Astree E 8678
    2000 Angel Records / Warner Classics 7243567197
    2000 Bridge 9101
    2000 Arte Nova 72113
    2000 Auvidis 4865
    2000 Analekta 23147/8
    2000 Eroica Distribution 3025
    2000 Arion 268296
    2000 Amadis 7187
    2000 Linn Records 128
    2000 Live Classics 103
    1999 Teldec 25705
    1999 Teldec 25704
    1999 Astree 8645
    1999 Teldec 3984-25716-2
    1999 IDIS 328/9
    1999 Philips 434075
    1999 Masterpiece 7901
    1999 Haenssler 92119
    1999 Naxos 554423
    1999 Music & Arts 4774
    1999 Dynamic 164/1-2
    1999 Caprice Records 21620
    1999 Biddulph Recordings 162/63
    1998 Opus 111 30201
    1998 EMI Music Distribution 66870
    1998 Vox 7901
    1998 Deutsche Grammophon 457701
    1998 Deutsche Grammophon
    1998 Delos 3232
    1998 Palexa 502
    1997 Linn Records 029
    1997 Virgin 45205
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453004
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon
    1997 ESS.A.Y. 1049/50/51
    1997 Hyperion 22009
    1997 Valois 4427
    1997 Sony Classical 62793
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 62793
    1996 MDG 3330614
    1996 Testament 2090
    1996 Centaur Records 2472/73
    1996 EMI Angel / Angel Records / Warner Classics CDC 5553952
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon 445526
    1995 RCA Gold Victor Seal 61748
    1995 Centaur Records 2147/48
    1995 Bayer Records 200046
    1994 Philips 438736
    1994 Philips
    1994 Virgin 45089
    1994 Orfeo 130852
    1994 Naxos 550570
    1994 Skarbo 1944
    1993 Vanguard 8021
    1993 EMI Music Distribution 64793
    1993 EMI Music Distribution 64617
    1992 Elektra 73030
    1992 Harmonia Mundi 907054
    1992 RCA 61265
    1990 DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 77043
    1989 Capitol 63035
    1988 EMI Music Distribution 49483
    Brilliant 93102-VOL1
    Brilliant 99701
    Classico 114
    Denon Records 74485
    History 204590
    Image Recordings
    EXL 4267
    Adda 581134
    Ars Musici 0954
    Music & Arts 774
    Smithsonian Collection of Reco 10382
    Meridian Records 84208
    Warner Music
    RCA 7708
    RCA 60971
    Deutsche Grammophon 413810
    ABC Classics 4768051
    MCA 99841
    Supraphon 1806
    MDG 3051028
    Fone 9027
    Musicaimmagine Records 10033
    Brilliant Classics 93668/21
    Brilliant 92391/21
    Brilliant 93102/11
    Brilliant 99701/11
    Agora Musica 110
    Deutsche Grammophon 423294
    Accord 200562
    London 417715
    ASV 454
    Erato 45805
    Brilliant 8712/1
    Alex Deych
    Celle-stial Records
    Arts Music 47582-2
    Garrett Fischbach
    ECM 000506502
    Fono Enterprise 99392
    Cascade Records 2124
    Poema
    EMI Classics 98667
    Miraphone
    One-Eleven 93060
    Chrysalis Records 41591
    Channel Classics 14498
    Musical Heritage 5091707
    EMI Music Distribution 66405