Frédéric Chopin

Mazurkas (3) for piano, Op. 59, CT. 86-88

    Description by Kristen Grimshaw

    Although Chopin spent most of his adult life Paris, his roots were Polish. In homage to his homeland, he developed two genres of music, the polonaise and the mazurka. The mazurka takes much of its form from the native folk songs and dances of Poland, specifically the Mazur, the Kujawiak, and the Oberek. The unusual rhythmic patterns and irregular accents provided the basis for 57 mazurkas in total, each unique in character and texture. Because of the different sources of inspiration for the mazurka, each piece is a different combination of several ingredients of rhythm, harmony, tempo, and mood. This particular genre, more than any other, encouraged Chopin to revise and experiment freely. Unlike many of his other mazurkas collections, the pieces of Op. 59 do not contrast greatly amongst themselves. They share similar characteristics and textures, perhaps meant to unify the collection. The first piece in the set is highly chromatic, warm and rich in melodic and contrapuntal nuances. It serves as a tender portrait, the ending as unassuming as the opening. Pleasant and good-natured in its character, the second mazurka features a rich exchange between hands, a hallmark of Chopin's mature style. This piece ends with an ascending, winding lyrical line, which seems to disappear into the clouds. Resembling a polonaise, the third composition is noble and waltz-like in character. Having experimented with different contrapuntal devices, Chopin includes chromaticism, as well as some interesting descending chromatic chords in the accompaniment. While much interesting harmonic material is found in the lower voices, this particular composition is defined by the unaffected, expressive singing melody appears to be unaffected, soaring above the texture below.

    Parts/Movements

    1. No. 36 in A minor
    2. No. 37 in A flat major
    3. No. 38 in F sharp minor

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 Brilliant Classics 95215BR
    2016 Continuo Classics 116
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4796068
    2016 Steinway & Sons STNS 30071
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4795404
    2016 Doremi Records DHR 8048
    2016 CD Accord ACD 219
    2015 IDIS 6707
    2015 DG Deutsche Grammophon B002364402
    2014 LP Classics 1021A/B
    2014 ATMA Classique ACD 22682
    2013 MDG
    2013 MDG MDGSC 9471818
    2013 Broken Audio BRAU 0942
    2013 Warner Classics
    2013 CD Accord ACD 1892
    2012 Avie AVR 2262
    2011 RCA Red Seal 886919369120
    2011 Newton Classics 8802076
    2011 Newton Classics 8802038
    2011 Steinway & Sons 30003
    2011 Fryderyk Chopin Institute NIFCCD000020
    2010 Ars Produktion 38074
    2010 DG Deutsche Grammophon 13960
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099945533
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon / DG Deutsche Grammophon 002894778445
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099996711
    2010 Fryderyk Chopin Institute 10
    2010 RCA Red Seal 88697686922
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099945535
    2010 Decca 4782282
    2010 Hyperion 55392
    2010 Genuin 10190
    2010 MTJ / SMPB MTJSMPB 0079
    2010 Denon Records
    2009 DG Deutsche Grammophon 477 7483
    2009 Sony BMG / Sony Classical 88697577072
    2009 Dux Records 650
    2009 Music & Arts 1230
    2009 Romeo Entertainment ROMEO7271
    2009 Romeo Entertainment 7271
    2009 X5 Music Group 15582
    2008 Bridge 9276
    2008 Divine Art 24129
    2008 EMI Classics 5754432
    2008 Brilliant Classics 93217
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951489
    2008 Warner Classics
    2008 Hyperion 44351
    2008 DG Deutsche Grammophon 001190702
    2007 London Independent 70013
    2007 Centaur Records 2098/2099
    2006 Brilliant 99802
    2006 Takt 1501/15
    2004 EMI Classics 85767
    2003 Erato / Virgin 7243545620
    2003 Harmonia Mundi 2907352/53
    2003 Forlane 126817
    2003 Nimbus 5393
    2003 Aura Classics 0251
    2003 Dorian 93258
    2003 Delta Distribution 40040
    2003 Delta Distribution 16319
    2003 Centaur Records 2601
    2003 Decca 470608
    2002 Classica d'Oro 3030
    2001 Rca Red Seal 63027
    2001 Rca Red Seal 63006
    2000 Harmonia Mundi 907247/48
    2000 Arkadia 78590
    2000 Live Classics 302
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 463 047-2GCE17
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 463 054-2
    1999 Naxos 501501
    1999 Denon Records 18089
    1999 RCA Red Seal 63000
    1998 Harmonia Mundi 907244
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 63237
    1997 Nimbus 1764
    1997 London 443738
    1997 DG Deutsche Grammophon 453572
    1996 Concord 42036
    1996 London 448086
    1996 Decca / London 448 086-2DF2
    1996 Music Digital 11970
    1995 London
    1995 Philips 446 145-2PM2
    1994 Philips 442 574-2PM2
    1994 Infinity Digital 57257
    1993 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0777764933
    1993 Naxos 8505015
    1993 Olympia (Classical/Jazz) 002
    1993 Nimbus 1787
    1991 DG Deutsche Grammophon 431584
    1991 Naxos 550359
    1991 RCA Victor GD60822
    1990 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4198592
    1988 CBS Records 44544
    Dante 060
    Finnadar 91071
    Brilliant 99802/13
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 431579
    Dux 648
    Forlane 16814
    Lydian 18108
    Donau 8108
    Laserlight 14062
    EMI Music Distribution 74457
    EMI Music Distribution 74457
    ARK 59001
    The Piano Library 242
    Arabesque 6730
    London 417584
    Selene 950225
    Olympia (Classical/Jazz) 186
    RCA Victor 60822
    Connoisseur Society 4182
    Decca 466708