Frédéric Chopin

Mazurkas (3) for piano, Op. 56, CT. 83-85

    Description by Kristen Grimshaw

    The nineteenth century composer's penchant for the new and different led to the implementation of many new genres and forms, including the short character piece. The rise of national and patriotic feelings also contributed to the appearance of several dance forms and compositional genres previously unknown in the western European art world. It was in this environment of change and acceptance that Chopin appropriated, developed, and elevated the mazurka, an artistic blend of three native Polish dance forms, traditional Polish classical music, and the western aesthetics of Chopin's formal training. This miniature piece serves as an exploration in rhythmic, modal, harmonic, textural, and emotional variety, each mazurka a unique emanation of deep sources of inspiration. The mazurkas of Op. 56 display the dramatic contrast possible within the same genre. The first is a joyous, tender reflection, with an intimate salon feel. The contrasting sections demonstrate Chopin's lyrical ability, and the subtle change of melody between hands attest to his developing style. The second mazurka has a true Polish flavor, with a rhythmic drone accompaniment, irregular accents, and rustic grace note figures. The chromaticism and sophisticated imitation among the voices are further evidence of Chopin's maturing style. The dance-like second piece is followed by a mysterious and unusual third mazurka. The rhythmic ambiguity, combined with the stronger emphasis on the second and third beats, creates a truly native feel. The contrasting section bursts into a patriotic, rhythmic, chordal texture, but quickly returns to the original, winding theme.

    Parts/Movements

    1. No. 33 in B major
    2. No. 34 in C major
    3. No. 35 in C minor

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 Continuo Classics 116
    2016 Brilliant Classics 95215BR
    2016 Zephyr Records Z 14716
    2016 Steinway & Sons STNS 30071
    2014 LP Classics 1021A/B
    2014 ATMA Classique ACD 22682
    2013 Fryderyk Chopin Institute NIFCCD 025
    2013 Broken Audio BRAU 0942
    2013 Warner Classics
    2013 CD Accord ACD 1892
    2012 Avie AVR 2262
    2011 RCA Red Seal 886919369120
    2011 Newton Classics 8802076
    2011 Newton Classics 8802038
    2011 Fryderyk Chopin Institute NIFCCD606
    2011 Steinway & Sons 30003
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099945533
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon / DG Deutsche Grammophon 002894778445
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099996711
    2010 RCA Red Seal 88697686922
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099945535
    2010 Decca 4782282
    2010 Hyperion 55392
    2009 Sony BMG / Sony Classical 88697577072
    2009 Dux Records 650
    2008 Bridge 9276
    2008 EMI Classics 5754432
    2008 Brilliant Classics 93217
    2008 Hyperion 44351
    2007 Centaur Records 2098/2099
    2007 Dux Records 69
    2006 Brilliant 99802
    2006 Dux Records 66
    2006 Takt 1501/15
    2004 EMI Classics 85767
    2003 Harmonia Mundi 2907352/53
    2003 Forlane 126817
    2003 Aura Classics 0251
    2003 Dorian 93258
    2002 Classica d'Oro 3030
    2001 Rca Red Seal 63027
    2001 Rca Red Seal 63006
    2000 Harmonia Mundi 907247/48
    2000 Arkadia 78590
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 463 047-2GCE17
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 463 054-2
    1999 Naxos 501501
    1999 RCA Red Seal 63000
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 63237
    1997 London 443738
    1996 Concord 42036
    1996 Decca / London 448 086-2DF2
    1996 London 448086
    1996 BIS 673
    1995 London
    1994 Philips 442 574-2PM2
    1993 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0777764933
    1993 Naxos 8505015
    1991 Naxos 550359
    1991 RCA Victor GD60822
    Dux Records KCh15-06
    Dante 060
    Finnadar 91071
    Dux 648
    Forlane 16813
    EMI Music Distribution 74457
    EMI Music Distribution 74457
    The Piano Library 242
    Arabesque 6730
    Brilliant 99802/10
    London 417584
    RCA Victor 60822
    Connoisseur Society 4182