Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Horn Concerto No. 3 in E flat major, K. 447

    Description by Brian Robins

    The concerto K. 447 is the third of the four horn concertos composed by Mozart between 1783 and 1791 for the French horn player Joseph Leutgeb (1732-1811), a friend whom Mozart knew for most of his life. In 1777 Leutgeb moved from Salzburg (where he was member of the court orchestra) to Vienna, where he opened a cheese shop (with the help of a loan from Mozart's father Leopold) in addition to continuing his musical career. The jocular, at times insulting comments that litter the autograph parts of the horn concertos bear witness to the close nature of the friendship between Mozart and Leutgeb. More important, they are also a testament to the artistry of the latter; the solo parts contain many passages that present a considerable challenge to players on the natural (valveless) horn. Among these was the use of so-called "stopped notes," a technique that involved the player's inserting his right hand into the bell to enable him to play notes otherwise unavailable on the horns of the day. Mozart's horn concertos all include such stopped notes, in addition to bass notes obtained by the technique known as "overblowing," another skill developed by Leutgeb. The concerto was originally given a dating of 1783 by Köchel, but more recent research has established that K. 447 probably belongs to 1787 -- although that leaves open the question as to why Mozart did not enter the work into the thematic catalog he started in 1784. As with all the concertos with the exception of "No. 1," K. 412 (the last in order of composition), K. 447 is in the usual three-movement concerto form, with an Allegro followed by a slow movement marked Romance and a concluding Allegro in rondo form with plenty of hunting-horn atmosphere. The concerto is scored for two clarinets, two bassoons, and the usual complement of strings.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Romance. Larghetto
    3. Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2015 K-Tel 136148
    2015 Hyperion CDA 68097
    2015 Glossa GCD 921121
    2014 ZYX ZYX 827562
    2014 United Classics T 2CD2013025
    2013 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 13038
    2013 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099940434827
    2013 Brilliant Classics 94644
    2012 Krescendo Records / Zebralution
    2012 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 06004
    2012 DG Deutsche Grammophon 002894770055
    2012 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2012 Newton Classics 8802160
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099967832
    2012 Decca
    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2011 Newton Classics 8802035
    2011 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4778083
    2011 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2011 Decca
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94100
    2010 Sony Music Distribution 232779
    2010 Alto 1107
    2010 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Apex 2564681619
    2010 Warner Classics
    2010 EMI Music Distribution 965936
    2010 Camerata Records 28176
    2010 Nimbus 2568/70
    2010 Decca
    2010 Summit Records 545
    2009 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2009 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH08075
    2009 ZYX / ZYX Music 10076
    2009 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2008 Opus KURA 2070
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099920601
    2008 ZYX Music 10320
    2008 Warner Classics
    2008 Maestro Music 4697199
    2008 Sheridan Square Records 28460
    2008 EMI Classics
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951203
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2007 Analekta 29894-6
    2007 Zig Zag Territoires 3071001
    2007 EMG Classics 942311021
    2007 ABC Classics 4765745
    2007 EMI Music Distribution 82227
    2007 Elatus
    2007 Naxos 8570419
    2007 EMI Classics 87894
    2007 Naxos Historical 8111070
    2006 BBC Legends / BBC Music 41922
    2006 Zuk Records 160114
    2006 Decca / DG Deutsche Grammophon / Philips / Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 COE / COE Records CDCOS507
    2006 Oehms 567
    2006 Haenssler 93129
    2006 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 5046
    2006 Opus KURA 7014
    2006 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0946338603
    2006 Decca
    2006 Decca 4757104
    2006 COE Records 805
    2006 Decca 4757051
    2006 Philips
    2006 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4775222
    2006 Philips 000664502
    2006 Tromba Classics
    2005 Haenssler 98490
    2005 Warner Music 4623332
    2005 Supraphon 36982
    2005 Brilliant 92265
    2005 Decca / DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2005 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4775756
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 EMI Classics 585234
    2004 Decca 4674262
    2004 Artemis Classics ATMCD1270
    2004 Arabesque 6780
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2004 Delta Distribution 16381
    2004 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2003 EMI
    2003 PentaTone Classics 5186105
    2003 Brilliant 99713
    2003 Laserlight / Delta Distribution 40043
    2003 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000002502
    2003 Haenssler 93064
    2002 Pearl 183
    2002 Arte Nova 30478
    2002 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469 362-2GTR3
    2001 Legacy Entertainment CBX001
    2001 BCI-Eclipse Distribution 546
    2001 Classical Express HCX3957012
    2001 St. Clair 7350
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 74967
    2001 Philips 464717
    2000 Decca
    2000 Angel Records / Warner Classics 7243573734
    2000 Amadeus 7012
    2000 Tring 047
    2000 Philips 464810
    2000 Decca 466 247-2DF2
    2000 Legacy 001
    1999 Decca 458607
    1999 Chandos 9150
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 415104
    1999 Claves 509121
    1999 Haenssler 98316
    1999 Virgin 561573-2
    1999 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243566950
    1999 BIS 1008
    1999 Decca 460027
    1998 Crystal Records Dist. CRYCD 515
    1998 Rhino 72950
    1998 Masterpiece / SPJ Music 92007
    1998 Pearl 0026
    1998 Carlton Classics 6600972
    1998 Nimbus NI1756
    1998 MusicMasters 67169
    1998 Naxos 553592
    1998 Intersound 2846
    1998 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 5668982
    1998 Decca 443216
    1997 CBC Records 5172
    1997 Point Classics 265051
    1997 ASV 6213
    1997 Olympia (Classical/Jazz) 470
    1997 Teldec 0174292
    1997 Erato 17074
    1997 Testament 1102
    1996 Forlane 16627
    1996 Sony Music Distribution 62639
    1995 Summit Records 131
    1995 Royal Classics 6469
    1995 Carlton 2013
    1995 Russian Disc 10909
    1994 Novalis E 150060-2
    1994 Telarc Distribution 80367
    1994 Naxos 550148
    1994 Madacy 1043
    1994 IMP Classics 77
    1993 Sony Music Distribution 53369
    1993 Collins Classics 11532
    1992 Chandos 8768
    1991 DG Deutsche Grammophon 431 665-2GX3
    1991 Philips 422509
    1990 DG Deutsche Grammophon 429817
    1990 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4236232
    1989 CBS Records 45743
    1989 Philips 422330
    1988 DG Deutsche Grammophon 431284
    1988 Harmonia Mundi 907012
    1988 EMI Music Distribution 69569
    1987 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4190572
    1986 Philips 412737
    1985 Teldec 242757
    1984 London 410284
    Fidelio 5005
    Ted Cox
    RFCM Symphony Orchestra
    Sony Music Distribution 45977
    IMP Classics 2013
    Forlane 16747
    Fidelio 5006
    Vivace 315
    Amado Classics 01001
    Electrecord 107
    Laserlight 15874
    Resonance 3071
    Brilliant 92627
    Vivace 549
    RCA 77505
    EXL 4284
    Musique d'Or 1055
    EMI Music Distribution 61013
    EMI Music Distribution 761013
    Emperor 4023
    Philips 426786
    Laserlight 15624
    ASV 805
    Brilliant 92388/22
    Brilliant Classics 93669/22
    Quintessence 2080
    Brilliant 92626/15
    Brilliant 92265/4
    Brilliant 99713/4
    Canal Grande 9211
    Innovative Records 865
    EMI Music Distribution 67012
    EMI Music Distribution 4589
    EMI Music Distribution 56231
    Sony Music Distribution 47215
    Philips 420709
    Supraphon 0001
    Symphonia 36
    MusicMasters 67191
    Supraphon 111935
    Camelot Music 20050
    DA Music 72201
    Arion 68198
    Esso