Joaquín Rodrigo

Fantasía para un gentilhombre, for guitar & orchestra

    Description by Chris Morrison

    In the Fantasía para un gentilhombre of 1954, written for and dedicated to Andrés Segovia, Joaquín Rodrigo turned for inspiration to a fellow Spaniard and one of the first great guitar virtuosi, Gaspar Sanz. Not much is known about Sanz. He was born somewhere around the middle of the seventeenth century and lived into the early eighteenth, and he wrote one of the earliest surviving guitar methods (published in 1674). He also composed a fair amount of guitar music that reflects the styles of song and dance popular in Spain at that time. Rodrigo borrowed several of Sanz's short pieces in crafting his Fantasía for guitar and orchestra. The result is a perennially charming work that evokes an antique world in a natural way, free of musty airs.

    The opening movement is titled "Villano y Ricercare"; the Villano theme is heard in the violins at the very beginning of the work, and the Ricercare was completed by Rodrigo based on Sanz's sketches. The second movement, "Españoleta y Fanfare de la Caballería de Nápoles," is also in two parts. After a short woodwind introduction, the Españoleta theme, first heard in the strings, is subjected to several variations. The Fanfare makes use of string techniques like harmonics and col legno (using the wooden side of the bow); the title of the Fanfare reminds one that Spain governed Naples in Sanz's time. The guitar moves between solo and accompanist roles in the third movement "Danza de las Hachas," or "Hatchet Dance," and the Fantasía ends with a rousing "Canario," a folk dance in 6/8 time.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Villano y Ricercare
    2. Espanoleta
    3. Fanfare de la Caballeria de Napoles
    4. Danza de las Hachas
    5. Canario

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4795467 GX5
    2016 Sony Classical / Sony Music 309294
    2015 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4795448
    2015 PentaTone Classics PTC 5186209
    2015 ABC Classics ABC 4812231
    2014 Decca 4810811
    2014 DG Deutsche Grammophon B 002003902
    2014 Mercury
    2014 Decca
    2013 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4791118
    2013 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2012 Loreley LY 050
    2012 EMI Music Distribution
    2012 Decca 4783362
    2012 Decca
    2012 ABC Classics 4806461
    2011 Liberty / Virgin Classics 5099908341228
    2011 Decca
    2011 Signum Classics SIGCD244
    2011 Sony Classical 8869769054
    2011 Decca
    2010 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Royal Philharmonic Orchestra / RPO 15
    2010 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Alto / Musical Concepts 1090
    2010 Decca
    2010 RPO / Sheridan 28200
    2010 Decca
    2010 Decca
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon / DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Sony Classical 7715022
    2009 Sony Music Distribution 8869756166
    2009 Harmonia Mundi 501764
    2009 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Documents 232680
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099921524
    2008 Sony Music Distribution 37848
    2008 Decca 4780217
    2007 Brilliant Classics 8395
    2007 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2007 Classics for Pleasure
    2007 Philips 4758248
    2007 Hip-O 000860402
    2007 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 7073
    2006 Universal
    2005 Essay Recordings 1088
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics 5869882
    2005 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2005 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000400402
    2005 RCA Red Seal 67889
    2005 Erato / Warner Classics
    2005 Erato / Virgin Classics 7243482001
    2005 ABC Classics 4768072
    2005 Philips 4756546
    2005 Philips / Philips 000420800
    2005 Brilliant 7562
    2004 Naxos 8557801
    2004 Sony Classical 92610
    2004 Rca Red Seal 60870
    2004 Universal Classics 000174202
    2004 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000375202
    2003 DG Deutsche Grammophon 474 666-2
    2003 Harmonia Mundi 901764
    2003 EMI Music Distribution 85063
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 90381
    2003 DG Deutsche Grammophon 474425
    2003 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000066202
    2002 DG Deutsche Grammophon 439171
    2002 EMI Music Distribution 557116
    2002 Naxos 8555841
    2002 Virgin Classics / Angel Records / Virgin 62075
    2002 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2002 DG Deutsche Grammophon 471430
    2001 Sony Music 61716
    2001 Virgin Classics 59024
    2000 Virgin 61627
    2000 DG Deutsche Grammophon / Universal 469 190-2GP2
    2000 Tring 050
    2000 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469629
    1999 RCA 63432
    1999 Decca 460638
    1998 Chandos 9604
    1998 Philips 462 296-2PM2
    1998 Intersound 2820
    1998 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4579342
    1997 EMI Music Distribution 56175
    1997 Telarc Distribution 80459
    1996 RCA Gold Seal 68428
    1996 EMI Music Distribution CD-EMX2248
    1995 Decca 448243
    1995 ASV 887
    1994 Philips 442392
    1994 Philips 438016
    1993 RCA 09026609172
    1993 EMI Music Distribution 67600
    1993 RCA 61723
    1993 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics CDC-54665
    1992 Philips 432828
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48168
    1992 EMI Music Distribution 67435
    1991 CBS Records 45610
    1990 DG Deutsche Grammophon 429 232-2GH
    1990 MCA 42067
    1989 CBS Records 45648
    1989 CBS Records 44791
    1988 EMI Music Distribution 47693
    1985 CBS Records 36717
    1985 DG Deutsche Grammophon 415349
    1984 Philips 411440
    RCA 63439
    JFG Music 103
    BMG 68586
    EMI 69832
    Collins Records 30612
    BMG 0902661583
    RCA 57718
    Maximum Hannig 0017
    Supraphon 1563
    Philips 420714
    Supraphon 111563
    GME Recordings 222
    Virgin 791192
    Brilliant 7562/3
    Dante 22