Antonio Vivaldi

Concerto for 2 violins, cello, strings & continuo in D minor ("L'estro armonico" No. 11), Op. 3/11, RV 565

    Description by Andrew Lindemann Malone

    Antonio Vivaldi's Op. 3 set of 12 concerti, entitled L'estro armonico ("Harmonious Inspiration"), was enormously influential all over Europe; Johann Sebastian Bach thought enough of it to transcribe six concerti from the set, including the 11th, written in D minor for two violins and cello. Op. 3/11 is one of the more interesting of a fascinating set, offering a unique structure and passionate music to fill it.

    The soloists open the first movement by themselves, the two violins playing in unison with a choppy rhythm in the cello; the violins eventually liberate themselves enough from the rhythm to introduce a melody, which is then taken up by the cello over the continuo. Three bars of Adagio form a small interlude before one of the few full-blown fugues in Vivaldi's instrumental output. The subject has a resemblance to the melody introduced by the soloists, and the soloists cooperate with the orchestra in its development. The movement seems to end on a Picardy third, but this proves false, and the coda settles finally on the minor. A solo violin dominates the second-movement Largo, as the simple ritornello form Vivaldi uses gives over most of the movement to its passionate lament. The finale once again begins with the soloists before introducing the orchestra, but instead of a fugue, what awaits here is ritornello form. Exhilarating virtuosity is demanded from all three soloists as they propel this concerto to a decisive conclusion. One can easily hear why Bach was so enamored of this work.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Adagio e Spiccato - Allegro - Adagio
    3. Largo e Spiccato
    4. Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2017 Urania WS 121318
    2016 VGo Recordings VG 1024
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4796370
    2016 Oehms Classics OC 1822
    2016 Brilliant Classics 95200BR
    2015 Harmonia Mundi HMX 290874547
    2015 Brilliant Classics 94629BR
    2015 Erato 2564619520
    2015 Channel Classics CCSSA 36515
    2015 Brilliant Classics 95078BR
    2014 BIS BIS 2115
    2013 Alpha / Alpha Productions ALPHA 193
    2012 Archiv Produktion 4790135
    2011 Naïve OP 30530
    2011 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2011 Guild GHCD 236465
    2011 Naxos of America / Warner Classics 2564665341
    2011 Guild GHCD 2369
    2011 Harmonia Mundi HMC 902095
    2011 Newton Classics 8802034
    2011 MDG / MDG Gold MDG 30817092
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 BD Jazz / Zebralution
    2010 Longhorn Music 2010002
    2010 Decca
    2010 Philips
    2010 Oehms Classics 642
    2009 Red Priest Recordings 4
    2009 X5 Music Group 15400
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon 4777463
    2009 Phoenix Edition 434
    2009 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099926413
    2008 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2008 CBC Records 5247-3
    2008 Opus KURA 2059
    2008 Landscape Classics
    2008 Madacy Entertainment 53755
    2008 EMI Classics
    2008 Thorofon Classics / Zebralution
    2007 Amado Classics 4000
    2007 Decca / Eloquence 4428414
    2007 MSR Classics 1181
    2007 CAvi-music 8553060
    2007 Analekta 29835
    2006 Weitblick 50
    2006 Regis Records 1243
    2006 Decca 0004757693
    2006 Rca Red Seal 748456
    2006 BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 41427
    2005 Arte Nova 277810
    2005 Challenge Records 72146
    2005 Music & Arts CD1173
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 4775263
    2005 Milan
    2004 Naïve 30301
    2004 Dorian 90024
    2004 Proprius-AudioSource 9163
    2004 Alia Vox 9835
    2004 Brilliant 92389
    2003 Direct Source 1659
    2003 Droffig Recordings 5
    2003 Direct Source 1262
    2003 Jade 198963
    2003 Arts Music 45003
    2003 Erato / Virgin 7243545565
    2002 Stradivari 9320
    2002 Meridian Records 84455
    2001 Arbiter 128
    2001 Disky 70682
    2001 RCA 68001
    2000 Arcobaleno 94152
    2000 Fine Classics / Rebel R2CD 4411
    2000 Direct Source 9022
    2000 Direct Source 6428
    2000 Direct Source 6518
    2000 Direct Source 7704
    2000 Direct Source 6427
    2000 Fine Classics R2CD 4418
    2000 Delta Distribution 24468
    2000 Classicworks 6614
    2000 Stradivari 9012
    2000 Unesco 70631
    2000 Thorofon 2371/2
    1999 Philips 412128
    1999 Pearl 9179
    1999 Dorian XCD90255
    1998 Arte Nova Classics 27781
    1998 Analekta 23128
    1998 London 458078
    1998 Carlton Classics 02352
    1998 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243819808
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 62472
    1997 Rivoalto 9614
    1997 Otello 1014
    1997 Arte Nova Classics 68913
    1997 Michele Audio 1010
    1997 Eclipse Records 64353
    1997 Point Classics 264353
    1997 Arte Nova 74321 30485-2
    1997 Essential Classics 63284
    1995 Linn Records 12
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 24996
    1995 Intercord Klassische Diskothek 25914
    1995 Madacy 5631
    1995 RCA 7741
    1995 Seraphim UK 68538
    1995 Archiv Produktion 447284
    1994 ESS.A.Y. 1024
    1994 Bella Musica
    1994 Naxos 550160
    1994 London 443476
    1994 Naxos 505013
    1993 Vanguard 8009
    1993 EMI Music Distribution 64830
    1993 Laserlight 14099
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48273
    1992 Chandos 8651
    1990 RCA Victor Red Seal 60240
    Virgo 759652
    London 433680
    Capriccio Records 233
    Digital Concerto 613
    Vanguard 66/67
    Amado Classics 04038
    Iron Needle 1397
    EMI Music Distribution 64680
    Seraphim UK 569545-2
    The Radio Years 13
    Sony Music Distribution 53266
    Gemini Collection 615
    Fidelio 2001
    Winterthur
    White Label 093
    Stradivari 9323
    Russian Revelation 10039
    Vox 203
    Madacy Entertainment 53756
    Omega Music Poland 1012
    IMP Classics 6702719
    Archiv Produktion 431710
    Pmi 1041
    RCA 60240
    Digital Concerto 714
    Newport Classic 85545
    Archiv Produktion 471317
    Manchester 153
    RCA 60911
    G.Z. Classics 0171
    Bongiovanni 5597/98
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    Arts Music 47647
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    Titanik 10017
    Bescol 534
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