The musical traditions of Indonesia were revamped in the 1970s by ethnomusicologist, composer, arranger, producer, and choreographer Doctor Gugua Gumbira Tirasondjaja, who had been inspired by a national decree banning all "foreign music" to devote a dozen years to studying the country's rural dance and festival music. Tirasondjaja's efforts resulted in numerous changes of the traditional approach to gamelan music. Revamping the village ritual style of music ketuk tilu, which is traditionally played on pot gongs tuned to a pentatonic scale, he created a new style of music that he dubbed jaipongan. While traditional ketuk tilu bands included rebab (spike fiddle) and barrel drums, as well as the ketuk, Tirasondjaja replaced the ketuk with the bonang (large pot shaped gongs). He also played an important part in the evolution of a singer's role.
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